Table of Contents

  • ARSACIDS iv. Arsacid religion

    M. Boyce

    It may reasonably be assumed that, at least from the time they seized power, the Arsacids were professed Zoroastrians.

  • ARSACIDS v. The “Arsacid” era


    As an indication of their imperial aspirations, the Parthians established their own dynastic era, beginning with the vernal equinox. The historicity of this era was proved by a Babylonian tablet equating the Seleucid year 208 with 144 of the Arsacid era.

  • ARSACIDS vi. Arsacid chronology in traditional history

    A. Sh. Shahbazi

    The Parthian rule lasted 474 years, longer than any dynastic period in Iranian history, but post-Sasanian sources give various figures for the duration of the Arsacid rule.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • ARSACIDS vii. The Arsacid dynasty of Armenia

    C. Toumanoff

    Third dynasty of Armenia, from the first to the mid-fifth century. Arsacid rule brought about an intensification of the political and cultural influence of Iran in Armenia.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • ARSACIDS viii. Military Architecture Of Parthia

    Krzysztof Jakubiak

    In the western parts of the Parthian empire, i.e., in the Mesopotamian plain, military and defensive systems and fortifications developed under a clearly strong influence of earlier civilizations that had existed in the region.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.




    E. Bresciani

    name of several Achaemenid notables.



    See ARŠĀMA.



    See NARSE.


    C. E. Bosworth

    a small town in Fārs on the northeastern fringes of the Zagros mountain massif.