the chief city of ancient Elam and one of the capital cities of the Achaemenid empire.

i. Excavations.

ii. History during the Elamite period.

iii. The Achaemenid period.

iv. The Hellenistic and Parthian period.

v. The Sasanian period.

(Multiple Authors)

Originally Published: February 25, 2015

Last Updated: February 25, 2015

Cite this entry:

EIr,"SUSA," Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition, 2015, available at (accessed on 25 February 2015).