one of the five traditional Ṭāleš khanates (Ḵamsa-ye Ṭavāleš) in western Gilān, between Ṭāleš Dulāb and Māsāl. In the administrative reform of 1937 Šandarman became a rural district (dehestān) in Māsāl-Šandarman district (baḵš), Ṭavāleš sub-province (šahrestān). In the 1998 reform, Šandarman became a district of the sub-province of Māsāl.
Originally Published: January 1, 2000
Last Updated: October 2, 2012