DOMAN, city in the Roman province of Cappadocia, conquered along with the surrounding area by the Sasanian Šāpūr I (240-70) during his second campaign against Rome (ŠKZ, Parth, l. 8: dwm’n; Gk. l. 18; not extant in Middle Persian; Back, p. 305). It is probably to be identified with Domana, a city mentioned by the geographer Ptolemy (5.7.3); according to the itineraries, it was located on the road between Satala (modern Sadak in Turkey) and Trapezous (modern Trabzon). Ernst Honigmann has suggested a localization at Köse, north of Sadak. Less probable are identifications with Tomla (Olmstead) and Domankaya near Şebinkarahisar (Garstang, apud Olmstead).

It is generally assumed that both Doman and Satala were targets of raids undertaken in Cappadocia at an uncertain date by Šāpūr’s son Hormizd, great king of Armenia. The precise dating of this campaign is still open, however, as it did not necessarily coincide with Šāpūr’s advance into Syria.



(For abbreviations found here, see “Short References.”) M. Back, Die sassanidischen Staatsinschriften, Acta Iranica 18, Tehran and Liège, 1978.

H. R. Baldus, Uranius Antoninus, Antiquitas 3/11, Bonn, 1971, p. 232.

M.-L. Chaumont, “Conquêtes sassanides et propagande mazdéenne (IIIème siècle),” Historia 22, 1973, pp. 672-73.

F. and E. Cumont, Studia Pontica II. Voyage d’exploration archéologique dans le Pont et la Petite Arménie, Brussels, 1906, pp. 354-55.

M. H. Dodgeon and S. N. C. Lieu, eds., The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (AD 226-363), London, 1991, p. 363.

W. Ensslin, Zu der Kriegen des Sassaniden Schapur, Munich, 1949, p. 104.

P. Gignoux, Glossaire des inscriptions pehlevies et parthes, Corpus Inscr. Iran.,Suppl.1, London, 1972, p. 50.

E. Honigmann, Recherches sur les Res Gestae Divi Saporis, Brussels, 1953, pp. 158-59.

E. Kettenhofen, Die römisch-persischen Kriege des 3. Jahrhunderts n. Chr., TAVO, BeihefteB 55, Wiesbaden, 1982, pp. 83-87.

T. B. Mitford, “Cappadocia and Armenia Minor. Historical Setting of the Limes,” Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt II 7/2, Berlin, 1980, pp. 1209-17.

Idem, “Some Inscriptions from the Cappadocian Limes,” Journal of Roman Studies 64, 1974, p. 169.

A. T. Olmstead, “The Mid-Third Century of the Christian Era,” Classical Philology 37, 1942, pp. 409-10.

M. I. Rostovtzeff, “Res Gestae Divi Saporis and Dura,” Berytus 8, 1943-44, p. 42.

W. Ruge, “Domana 1,” in Pauly-Wissowa V/1, col. 1294.

M. Sprengling, Third Century Iran. Sapor and Kartir, Chicago, 1953, pl. 2 l. 16, p. 96.

(Erich Kettenhofen)

Originally Published: December 15, 1995

Last Updated: November 29, 2011

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