BAGAZUŠTA, Old Iranian personal name. *Baga-zušta- “beloved of the god(s)” is the Median counterpart of Old Persian *baga-dušta-, which is attested in Elamite Ba-ka-du-iš-da and Greek Megadóstes (Benveniste, Titres et noms propres en iranien ancien, Paris, 1966, p. 117; Hinz, Altiranisches Sprachgut der Nebenüberlieferungen, Wiesbaden, 1975, p. 55).

1. The manufacturer of a plate in a Persepolis text of 467/66 B.C. (R. A. Bowman, Aramaic Ritual Texts from Persepolis, Chicago, 1970, no. 18.2: bgp¡št, to be corrected to bgzšt according to M. N. Bogolyubov, Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR. Seriya literatury i yazyka 32, 1973, p. 177).

2. A “Caspian” from Elephantine island, son of Bāzu (P. Grelot, Semitica 21, 1971, p. 108) and husband of Ūbīl, in Aramaic documents of 437, 434 and 401 (402?) B.C. (E. G. Kraeling, The Brooklyn Museum Aramaic Papyri, New Haven, 1953, nos. 3.2ff. and 12.4ff. [bgzšt]; no. 4.3 [bgzwšt]).

3. A Persian dignitary of unknown rank (Ba-ga-zu-uš-tu4/tú) in a Babylonian deed of Xerxes’ reign (Amherst 258:4.12; A. Ungnad, Archiv für Orientforschung 19, 1959-60, pp. 80ff.; M. A. Dandamayev, “Vavilonskiĭ dokument o drevnikh irantsakh,” in Voprosy iranskoĭ i obshcheĭ filologii, Tiflis, 1977, pp. 93-97).

4. A foreman (šaknu) of Indians, son of Bagapâtu, in Babylonian documents of 423 to 417 B.C. (BE X 53:24, Lo.E.; 70:6. 9, R. [Ba-ga-ʾ-zu-uš-tu4]; PBS II/1, 4:17; 16:17, L.E.; 135:25, L.E.; 137:15 [Ba-ga-ʾ-zu-uš-tu4]; TMHC 190:14 [Ba-ga-ʾ-zu-uš-tu4]).

5. Another such foreman, son of Parurê (Ba-ga-zu-uš-tu4), in a deed of 425 B.C. (BE IX 76:11).

6. The son of a certain Bagadâtu (Ba-ga-zu-uš-tu4) in a document of 422 B.C. (PBS II/1, 192:18, U.E.).

7. A Lycian from Telmessus (Megasústas) in two Greek honorary inscriptions (TAM II/1, 15 II 3; 15 III/IV 5; 16, 2) from Roman times.



See also R. Schmitt, BNF, N.F. 6, 1971, pp. 25-27, and Die Sprache 17, 1971, pp. 177f.

L. Zgusta, Kleinasiatische Personennamen, Prague, 1964, p. 307, par. 886c.


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(R. Schmitt)

Originally Published: December 15, 1988

Last Updated: August 22, 2011

This article is available in print.
Vol. III, Fasc. 4, pp. 408-409