FARḠĀNĪ, EMĀM-AL-ḤARAMAYN SERĀJ-Al-DĪN ABU’L-MOḤAMMAD ʿALĪ, b. ʿOṯmān Ūšī or Ūsī, oṣūlī jurist (faqīh), traditionist, and author. All that is known about him is that he was Hanafite by persuasion and followed the teachings of Mātorīdī. The date of his death is given as 569/1173 (Kaḥḥāla, Moʾallefīn, VII, p. 148; Kašf al-ẓonūn II, p. 1200; Brockelmann, GAL I, p. 429) and 575/1179 (Esmāʿīl Pasha, V, p. 700; Kašf al-ẓonūn II, p. 1350). Farḡānī’s major works are: 1. Badʾ al-amālī, also known as al-Qaṣīda al-lāmīya fi’l-tawḥīd, a poem in sixty-six bayts about the Hanafite creed of Islam (printed many times), which has been the subject of numerous commentaries, including a versified commentary in Persian (Naẓm al-laʾāleʾ, Lucknow, 1869) by Moḥammad-Baḵš Rafīqī. 2. Ḡorar al-aḵbār wa dorar al-ašʿār, a collection of 1,000 prophetic traditions. 3. Neṣāb al-aḵbār wa taḏkerat al-aḵyār, an abridged version of the Gōrar. 4. al-Fatāwī al-serājīya, a collection of fatwās concerning the Hanafite school of law (Lucknow, 1293/1776). 5. Moḵtalef al-rewāya, a commentary on al-Manẓūma al-nasafīya fi’l-ḵelāfāt by Najm-al-Dīn Abū Ḥafṣ ʿOmar b. Moḥammad Nasafī (Kaḥḥāla, Moʾallefīn VII, p. 148).
Bibliography (for cited works not given in detail, See “Short References”):
Abu’l-Wafāʾ ʿAbd-al-Qāder Moḥyī-al-Dīn Qorašī, al-Jawāher al-możīʾa fī ṭabaqāt al-Ḥanafīya, Hyderabad (Deccan), 1332/1913-14, p. 367.
Brockelmann, GAL I, pp. 429-30; suppl. I, pp. 764-65.
ʿAlī b. Moḥammad Šarīf Jorjānī, Ketāb al-taʿrīfāt, Beirut, 1978.
ʿO. R. Kaḥḥāla, al-Mostadrak ʿalā Moʿjam al-moʾallefīn, Beirut, 1408/1988, p. 494.
Kašf al-ẓonūn I, p. 526; II, 1954.
M.-J. Maškūr, Farhang-e feraq-e eslāmī, comm. by M.-K. Modīr Šānačī, Mašhad, 1368 Š./1989.
Originally Published: December 15, 1999
Last Updated: December 15, 1999