EBLĀḠ (lit. “communication”), title of five Persian language newspapers.
1. A Constitutionalist weekly published in Tabrīz by the printer Maḥmūd Eskandānī, who also published Naẓmīya (1326/1908). The first issue was published on Thursday, ʿĪd-e Ḡadīr, 18 Ḏu’l-Ḥejja, probably in 1325, corresponding to 22 January 1908 (Rabino, no. 1, gives 1326/1909, and Browne, Press and Poetry, no. 22, gives 1324/1907; neither corresponds to a Thursday). No more than five issues appeared. Its prose was old-fashioned and its content religious. Format was four two-column pages, 22 x 34 cm, lithographed in nasḵ. Copies are accessible at Reżā ʿAbbāsī Museum (Tehran), Cambridge University library (England), and Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris).
2. A biweekly newspaper published in Tehran by Mīrzā ʿAlī Āqā Eblāḡ Jahromī between Rabīʿ II 1343/September-October 1924 and 1345/1926. Ṣadr Hāšemī thought incorrectly that it was published in Shiraz. Format was four three-column pages, 41 x 56 cm, typeset. Copies are accessible at Majles Library II (Tehran).
3. A continuation (“3rd year”) of the biweekly above, published in Bombay by the same Eblāḡ between April 1927 and the end of the year. Format was four four-column pages, 28 x 41.5 cm, lithographed. A copy of one issue is at the University of Isfahan library.
4. A government broadside published in Kabul one to three times a week during the years 1300-05 Š./1921-26. It was posted on walls in major Afghan towns. It contained summaries from other official newspapers and was used to promulgate laws and make official announcements. The public called it Aḵbār-e rāygān, “the free news,” or Moft-e dīvārī, “the free poster.” It was edited by Mīrzā Moḥammad-Akbar Khan and later Sayyed Moḥammad Īšān Ḥosaynī, a noted calligrapher in whose handwriting the newspaper was published. Format was one page, 24 x 34 cm, later 33 x 50 cm, with one or two columns, lithographed in nastaʿlīq. Some copies are accessible at major Afghan libraries.
5. A magazine said to have been published in Urmia in 1312 Š./1933. No extant copies are known.
Bibliography: (For cited works not given in detail, see “Short References.”)
M.-K. Āhang, Sayr-e žūrnālīsm dar Afḡānestān, Kabul, 1349 Š./1970, pp. 164-66.
N. Māyel Heravī, Moʿarrefī-e rūz-nāmahā, jarāyed, majallāt-e Wezārat-e Maṭbūʿāt, Kabul, 1341 Š./1962, p. 40.
Ḥ. Naḵjavānī, “Tārīḵča ye entešār-e rūz-nāmahā wa majallāt dar Āḏar-bāyjān,” NDA Tabrīz 15, Spring 1342 Š./1963, p. 4.
Ḥ. Omīd, Tārīḵ-e farhang-e Āḏarbāyjān II, Tabrīz, 1334 Š./1955, p. 20.
Š. Peymānī, Fehrest-e rūz-nāmahā-ye mawjūd dar Ketāb-ḵāna-ye Markazī-e Dānešgāh-e Eṣfahān, Isfahan, 1362 Š./1983, p. 6.
Rabino, Ṣūrat-e jarāʾed. Ṣadr Hāšemī, Jarāʾed o majallāt, nos. 12-15.
Ṣ. Sardārīnīā, Tārīḵ-e rūz-nāmahā wa majallāt-e Āḏarbāyjān, Tehran, 1360 Š./1981, pp. 108-09.
U. Sims-Williams, Union Catalogue of Persian Serials, no. 204.
M.-ʿA. Tarbīat, Dānešmandān-e Āḏarbāyjān, Tehran, 1314 Š./1935, p. 406.
Originally Published: December 15, 1996
Last Updated: December 2, 2011
This article is available in print.
Vol. VII, Fasc. 6, pp. 655-656