ADĪB NAṬANZĪ, BADĪʿ-AL-ZAMĀN ABŪ ʿABDALLĀH ḤOSAYN B. EBRĀHĪM B. AḤMAD ʿERĀQĪ, poet and linguist of the 5th/11th century, from Naṭanz near Isfahan. He wrote poetry in both Persian and Arabic, for which reason he was known by the nicknames Ḏu’l-lesānayn and Ḏu’l-bayānayn. We know nothing of his life except the short accounts given by Samʿānī in his Ansāb (under letter nūn) and Soyūṭī in the Boḡyat al-woʿāt (Egyptian ed., p. 231). Similarly, only a few verses of his poetry in either Persian or Arabic have survived. Of the works which Naṭanzī is supposed to have written on adab, Samʿānī and Soyūṭī name only one, al-Ḵalāṣ. Its subject is Arabic grammar, but it also treats of many questions of Persian grammar. There are numerous copies of it (also known under the title Dastūr al-loḡa), but it has not been printed. Apart from it, an Arabic-Persian dictionary known as al-Merqāt (ed. J. Saǰǰādī, Tehran, 1346 Š./1967) exists, which has been attributed to Naṭanzī. Samʿānī gives the date of his death as Moḥarram, 497/October, 1103, while Soyūṭī gives Jomādā II, 499/February, 1105.
See also ʿA. N. Monzawī, Fehrest-e ketāb-ḵāna-ye markazī-e Dānešgāh-e Tehrān II, pp. 388-91.
Idem, Farhang-nāmahā-ye ʿArabī be Fārsī, pp. 19-27.
al-Ḏarīʿa VII, p. 208, VIII, p. 165, IX, p. 131.
Saǰǰādī’s intro. to al-Merqāt.
(ʿA. N. Monzawī)
Originally Published: December 15, 1983
Last Updated: July 22, 2011
This article is available in print.
Vol. I, Fasc. 5, pp. 459-460
ʿA. N. Monzawī, “ADĪB NAṬANZĪ,” Encyclopædia Iranica, I/5, pp. 459-460; an updated version is available online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/adib-natanzi-badi-al-zaman-abu-abdallah-hosayn-b (accessed on 7 February 2014).